Monday, January 29, 2007

Enjoy Playing Music With Jam Bands

Have you ever play or sing with a jam band? A jam band is a makeshift band and the musicians probably played together for the first time unrehearsed either in an impromptu performance or in a Jam music bar. Jam bands usually play jazz or blues both these genre of music have fixed music chord progressions and free form personal interpretation can be weaved into the chord sequence.

Since most jam bands play to a small audience, there is usually no sound technician to balance the sound produced by the bands and thus the musicians have to be 'sound sensitive' and able to detect unbalanced sounds and adjust their volumes and timbre themselves.

So how to play good and balanced music when you play with a jam band? Here are some pointers.

a) Listen to the lead singer
If you cannot hear the singer's voice and the lyrics, then the musicians should turn down the volume of their instruments immediately so that the singer can be heard clearly by the audience. If a fellow musician is unaware, do not be afraid to remind him to play softer. Even if the singer is too soft and shy, it is always the duty of all musicians to play softer so that the singer can be heard.

b) Be attentive to the song
Certain parts of a song are sung softly and sweetly perhaps the introduction, or the first verse, or at the emotional part. The singer will usually take the lead. If these parts of the song are supposed to be quieter, then play softly. If the chorus is more energetic, then play louder during the chorus. But once the next verse arrives, we tone down for the softer verse.

Whenever we have such alternating dynamics of loud and soft, the listener will be captivated, moved and thus sing with more emotions and feelings. There will thus be 'expression' in the music, as opposed to having just one full volume all the way. If you listen and pay attention to the whole performance, you will automatically know when to go softer and when to let down your hair and rock away.

c) Bass player should listen to the volume of the kick drum
There is always a tendency for bassist to play too loud. The volume of the bass guitar should be at the same volume as the kick drum. If you cannot hear the kick drum, then bring down the volume of the bass.

d) Pianist must take the lead role in controlling musical dynamics
The pianist should listen attentively to the singer and know what kind of style and emotion the singer wants to portray in the songs. When the pianist softens, then the drummer, guitarist and bassist should follow suit. When the pianist starts to crescendo, then the rest of the band can rock and roll along.

e) Singer should feel free to guide the band and tell them to play softer, louder, faster or slower. The musicians must remember that your main job is to back the singer, to help make the singer sound good. So please oblige the singer while on stage and let him have it his way. Do not oppose the singer no matter how bad he or she is. If a musician wants to take the limelight and be a star, then wait for your turn to do your solo.

f) Listen to the soloist
If a soloist is playing, all other instruments should not be louder such that the soloist is drowned. When the soloist is soloing, do not compete with him by playing all sorts of fancy stuff on your instrument that is totally unrelated to his solo. Just play some back up chords will do.

g) Give everyone a chance to solo
One of the reasons why many musicians do not play dynamically in a jam band is because they are eager to show off and be heard. We as musicians all want to be heard and noticed, so there is a tendency for us to make sure that we are loud so that the whole world can hear us. I believe one reason is because the musicians are not given ample opportunity to solo and be a star of the moment.

Perhaps this is the reason why jazz musicians seldom have problems with dynamics. Jazz musicians always seem to know when to play soft, when to play simple, when to play harder etc. This is because they have already been given ample opportunity showcase their talents during their solos so there is no more need to fight to be heard and noticed.

Keep these pointers in mind when you play or sing with a jam band the next time and have a rollicking good time.

How To Buy Your First Electric Bass and Other Sundry Items

The stories are varied, sorted, and some, like all good steely yarns are mythical.

"Dude, I walked in to this ol' fisherman's shop and there, hanging on the wall was the bass, the bass that would be the first and last bass of the rest of my life!"

Some are practical.

"ActiveMusician was having a sale, I picked the first one I saw, it was like blue, I like like blue, and hey, like blue for $150 bucks who could like argue?"

OK, OK, so we would all hope that picking out your bass would land somewhere in between these two extremes, somewhat mythical with just a hint of practicality. Either way it would be nice to have a good story but let's face it, you probably have a guitar player friend that wants you to join his band as the bass player. "How hard could it be to find a good bass?" he says. Well, the truth is, not very hard at all. Let's read on.

First, let's decide what it is you would like to do with your bass. Do you want to practice for 18 hours a day? Bring it home and be playing gigs within the week? (bad bass player joke withheld for editorial concerns). Hang it on a wall with a custom guitar hanger and never play it? Well, I would assume it's somewhere in the middle. As a long time bass instructor, I would encourage you to practice 18 hours a day but hey, that’s just me. OK, 4 hours. 4 hours is OK? Then 5 hours - git back in there. I want 5 more hours before supper!

"OK, so my guitar player friend says I'm interested in the bass, how do I start looking? What do I look for? How much is this new interest gonna cost me?"

If you're unsure if your new band is even going to last through next week, there's a good crop of Squier basses for under $200, like the Squier Affinity P Bass, the Squier Affinity J Bass and the Squier MB-4. Very playable, solid sound, and very affordable. If you've already got next month's show booked, then I would recommend a mid-level bass, something in the $500 dollar range. The Fender standard four string is the kind of bass that will give you a professional sound right out of the box. It has professional, quality-made pickups, and for those of you who live in the warm climates of the South or the cold un-forgiving winters of Canada (hey, I'm from Canada), the neck will stay fairly straight and won't bow like a banana at the first sign of extreme weather. Fender has been building basses since the beginning of time and they're always a safe bet for your first instrument.

Buy yourself a tuner! Let's face it, playing the bass isn't rocket science (at least initially) and you'll be plucking out songs in no time and wanting to jam with that guitar player friend of yours. When the jam starts you'll want to be ready to play so a tuner (especially for beginners) is essential in getting you up and playing quickly. It will also help to make sure you're in tune with all those CDs you're gonna want to jam with (during your 18 hour practice day). I've had much success with the Korg DT-3 Guitar and Bass Tuner, which I actually picked up from this very site (thank you very much). It's sturdy, small, easy to use, and has nice large lights on it for old guys like me, and maybe you if this is some sort of mid-life crisis thing.

Next you want to get yourself a practice amp. In this area you want to think small, mighty, and preferably combo, which, for those that don't know, is the speaker and amplifier in one easy to lift package. Most people make the mistake of getting something that isn't loud enough, they truck it over to that same guitar player's house, this time a drummer's shown up (he convinced him too), and your bass parts (and yes, hopefully they're parts) become a distorted mess. Bass is meant to be warm, fuzzy, like a furry animal that you love and feed until it gets really fat and everyone drops by to pinch it's cheeks. For this we need something that will comfortably fit in our practice area and still be loud enough for the perennial cheek pinching.

Music City Shopping

Tired of the mall? Head to Hillsboro Village.

Don't let Hillsboro Village fool you. A profusion of fabulous shops thrives in this once-doomed district in Nashville, just a guitar pick's throw from Music Row. The heart of the shopping lies along or just off two blocks of 21st Avenue South, nestled against Vanderbilt Medical Center. It will take you more than a day to explore it all, so start planning your follow-up visit now.

Stroll the Sidewalks

First stop: BookMan/BookWoman Books. More than 150,000 used volumes fill almost every square inch of space in the mazelike store. The owners also offer a search service to help you locate hard-to-find titles.

Next door at Davis Cookware, you'll find $1 pot scrapers, home espresso machines for up to $ 1,000, and everything in between.

Move on up the avenue, and stop in Gotten Music Center. You'll feel right at Nashville-home in this shop where guitars hang from the ceiling like chandeliers. The word on the street is that Jimi Hendrix bought his first Stratocaster here.

Nashville Lights will illuminate your creative side. Owner Matt Dennis can turn almost anything into a lamp, including the gas tank from a HarleyDavidson motorcycle. Hundreds of lamps fill this breathtaking place.

The sign at A Thousand Faces promises "a plethora of neat stuff." Owner Linda Turner loads the store with great merchandise from local artists.

For international flavors, check out the Mexican decor of Pangaea, which caters to the teen crowd with fun gifts, cards, books, accessories, and jewelry. Fire Finch sells gorgeous silk and wool scarves ($41) from India that make perfect winter wraps. Visit Global Soup on the western leg of Belcourt Avenue, where you'll find unique international gifts such as cinnamon stick coasters ($19.95 for a set of four) from Bali. When you place hot mugs on them, the heat releases a cinnamon scent.

Stop to Re-energize

Whew. You'll be hungry now. Fido is the perfect spot for relaxing with a cup of herbal tea, coffee, or chai, and $2.25 will get you a Kitchen Sink cookie bursting with chocolate chips, dried cranberries, pecans, oats, and coconut. Provence offers several choices for lunch, from sandwiches ($3.85 to $5.95) to a salad sampler ($8.75). Pretty-as-a-picture pastries complete the meal.

Seeing Stars

Visit the Sunset Grill after 10 p.m. to glimpse some celebrities. Dwight Yoakam and LeAnn Rimes frequent the restaurant's late-night scene. Smaller portions of popular menu items will make the stars in your eyes shine.

One of the great features of Hillsboro is the free parking on the street (except during rush hours) and behind businesses, including another popular eatery, Pancake Pantry. You may have to wait until your next visit to savor the sweet potato pancakes drenched in cinnamon syrup ($7.10). Would tomorrow be too soon? JOANN WEATHERLY

Friday, January 26, 2007

Golden BC Canada The Outdoor Sportsman's Paradise

Golden is a village of 10,000 population situated in the confluence of the British Columbia and Kicking Horse rivers in a long deep valley between the Rocky and Purcell Mountain ranges in eastern BC, at an elevation of 790 m located at the heart of six mountainous national parks: Yoho, Banff, Jasper, Kootenay Glacier and Mount Revelstoke. Yoho National Park, the 'adopted' park of the community, is a half-hour drive east of Golden. From May to September mountain biking, hang/paragliding, bungee jumping, and snowboarding are popular, and of course skiing during the winter.

Winter Activities: Tobogganing, skating, or Nordic skiing through rolling windy trails through woods. Downhill Skiing, Snowboarding, Heli-Skiing, Cat Skiing, Snow mobiling, Dog Sledding, and Ice Climbing from mid-November to the End of March.

Summer Activities: Pilots from all over the world flock to the Mount 7 flying site to paraglide and hang-glide. Horseback Riding, hiking, mountain biking, golfing, fishing, and air tours. World class white water rafting, ATVing, motocross, and rock climbing attract international thrill seekers. Bird and wildlife viewing, slow floats, wetland scenic forest tours.

Boating and angling are common activities at recreation sites. Most sites allow car top boat launching only. That means you can hand-launch only canoes, kayaks and boats small enough to be carried on top of your car. Trailered boats can be launched safely and conveniently from those sites with ramp facilities. In most cases, the ramps are suitable only for small and medium-sized boats.

A plane or helicopter ride will show you the Selkirk, Purcell and Rocky Mountain ranges and their glaciers. You can even land on a glacier for a closer look. Air tours are available year-round.

For local history there's the Golden Museum where you can learn about the important role that Swiss Mountain Guides played in the birth of Canadian mountaineering traditions. Or at Ray's Antique & Collectable Museum you can browse through some old farm equipment and antique tools. Take a guided hike way, way back and visit the fossils of the renowned Yoho Burgess Shale or, if art is your scene, there are many local art shops.

Tours: Cruise the numerous small mountain roads. Tour season is from May to October.

Bird / Wildlife Watching: The Rocky Mountain Trench is a major migratory path, and a great diversity of birds also settles in the Columbia Valley. 265 transient and resident species have been counted in Golden so far. Reflection Lake, the Edelweiss slough and Moberly Marsh are favourite birding spots. You can do bird watching year-round, although there are more species during migration in spring .

Canoe / Kayak Tours: At the Columbia River you can view birds of prey, herons and ducks. Paddle the Blaeberry River for more action. The Kicking Horse River is the place to be for great whitewater action. For very experienced kayakers the lower canyon with its class IV rapids is ideal. Season: May to October.

Climbing: In 1912 six Swiss Mountain Guides and their families moved permanently to Golden. Canadian Pacific Rail had hired them as professional mountain guides for the many tourists who wanted to explore the Canadian Rocky Mountains. Today there are many ACMG certified mountain guides who live and work in Golden and the mountains around. Golden attracts climbers from all over the world.

Cross-Country Skiing: Track-set trails are just minutes from town at the Golden Golf Course. More challenging trails can be found at Dawn Mountain Nordic Trail System at the base of Kicking Horse Mountain Resort. Many more tracks set by XC-enthusiasts can be found in the Blaeberry and Columbia Valley. The season is from December to April.

Cycling: Golden is the centre for the 'Golden Triangle' Tour where you cross the Continental Divide twice. You can go at your own pace or book a package with one of the tour companies.

Dog Sledding: Season lasts from late November to April.

Downhill (Alpine) & Cat Skiing / Snowboarding: The new Kicking Horse Mountain Resort is being developed into a 250- acre resort, encompassing 4005 acres of ski and snowboarding terrain, with views of the Canadian Rockies. The new gondola rises to the summit of the Dogtooth Mountain Range at an elevation of 7705 feet from the top lift, making it the second highest in Canada. Ski season is from early December to the end of April.

Freshwater Fishing / Ice Fishing / Heli-Fishing: The area's fishing opportunities are endless, ranging from early and late rainbow trout, small cut-throat trout in alpine lakes to char in the river and giant ling and Dolly Varden in the hydro reservoir. Guides can take you to the type of fishing you prefer and provide all the equipment from boats to heli-fishing. One of the more popular lake areas is south of Golden, near Parson and Brisco. Many of the lower lakes open early in May, and more fishing can be found at higher elevations as summer arrives.

A popular lake is Mitten Lake. Also excellent are the Cleland and Jade Lakes, and to the west, the Blackwater Lake. Stocked rainbow trout up to 24-inches can be caught in these areas. North/northwest of Golden are the Susan and Jeb Lakes in the area of the Big Bend Highway and are usually open by early July. These two lakes are renowned for their Brook trout. Anglers should note that the waters to the north remain cooler longer in the summer and often provide a more vigorous fish than the lethargic ones of the southern waters. Many of the higher alpine lakes, which open at various times later in the summer offer exciting and picturesque fly and spin- cast opportunities. The more popular areas include Gorman, Quartz and Silent Lakes - and all trailheads are within 25 minutes of town. Hike-in distances range from several kilometres to much longer.

For river fishing, the Columbia opens early in the spring providing Rainbows and Char. With a red and white spoon or a wet fly you'll likely nab one. Also available in the Columbia are Dolly Varden, Whitefish and Kokanee. Creeks and streams open officially on June 14. and a lightweight fly rod is recommended. In the Glacier and Yoho National Parks is superb fishing but you must have a special permit aside from your regular license to encourage catch and release in these areas.

Golfing: The Golden Golf & Country Club is rated one of the top 10 is B.C., the 75th best course in Canada by Score magazine, with Golf Digest rating it three-and-a-half stars. Whether you play pro or beginner there are complete facilities and services at the 18-hole championship course. The season is from mid April to October. The course ranges from 5,380 yards to 6,818 yards long. One hole, the 11th, has such a fine setting that wedding parties have utilized the spot for photographs. It is a par 4, running 385 yards downhill from an elevated tee, with Holt Creek running beside it. This course features a pro shop, which can completely outfit all golfing needs. As well, there is a full-service restaurant, lounge and outdoor patio.

Hangliding ~ Paragliding: The Mount 7 hangliding site is one of the top ten sites in the world. Mount 7 is year after year the site of National and International Championships. If a novice you can take a tandem-flight with an experienced instructor. The season is from May to October.

Heli-Hiking / Skiing: The birthplace area of the sport and one of the best in the world. Daily to weekly packages.

Hiking and Hiking Guides: Take a stroll along the dike of the Kicking Horse River or along the numerous trails to the alpine on your own or join a group at one of the remote alpine lodges accessible by helicopter or a guided tour to the world heritage site of the Yoho Burgess-Shale.

The day-hike trail at Gorman Lake is the most popular. Mammal Activities and sightings of bear, muskrat, fox, and many others are not uncommon just strolling in the woods. Some areas are known to shelter abundant wildlife.

Back- country camping sites: The lake affords excellent fly-fishing. You can find marmots and pikas along talus slopes and goats on the cliffs above. The hike is three kilometres in length, ending at the lake, and takes about 90- minutes.

The Moonraker Trails at Canyon Creek are popular for hiking as well as biking and horseback riding. There are some 45-kilometres of loop trails stretching from the Cedar Lake area to Canyon Creek. This is only minutes from town but home to wild mountain goats and bears.

The Mummery Glacier Trail is three-kilometres in length through old-growth cedar and hemlock and spectacular views of the glacier for which it is named. After a short trek up an old creek bed and across the creek by bridge you'll arrive at the immense moraines left by the glacier. The trail ends at one of these moraines, near the top where there is a view of the glacier and waterfalls above - but look out for calving ice off the glacier! The Quartz Lake Trail west of town is a five -kilometre hike and is recommended for the area's pristine beauty.

The recent elimination of the Ministry of Forests' recreation program, may have lead to the dismantling of signs, toilets, and picnic tables at some recreation sites, but you may find a guidebook at Golden's bookstore.

Horseback ~ Trail Riding: You will find specially trained horses for the beginner to the expert. Tours range from short rides to multiple day excursions. Riding season is from mid-June to October.

Hunting / Guide Outfitters: Although most people like to go hunting with their cameras, some take a rifle and want to come back with a trophy. The BC Government allows hunting of black bears, mountain goats and other animals within limited quotas and led by certified guide outfitters. Hunting seasons vary depending on species.

Mountain Biking: With 7,700 feet of vertical terrain enthusiasts can ride the mountains themselves or with guides, which are available at Kicking Horse Mountain Resort where they launch their rides down the mountain. For the price of a day's lift ticket you can bike down 4200 vertical feet, accessed by the gondola. Mount 7 is the location of the legendary Mount 7 Psychosis downhill race offering some 12 kilometres of downhill drops, steeps and technical woodwork playgrounds. People can pedal to the top, with several jump-off trails at three, five and six- kilometres. Shuttling via truck 15-kilometres to the top is a popular option.

Mountain biking cross-country: Golden has an in-town trail system as well as a 45-kilometre trail system on the west bank of the Columbia River along the Canyon Creek trail along the narrow deep canyon, which is a steep climb up with a long, rolling descent. Motocross racing comes to Golden in late May.

Mountain Climbing: Golden has been well known for its mountain climbing since the end of the 19th century with the coming of the Swiss Guides to the Selkirk and Rocky Mountains. Local climbers have developed several areas around Golden over the last decades. The most popular area is Jubilee Mountain near Spillimacheen, 45 minutes south of town. It offers over 70 climbs, mostly sport ranging from 5.8 to 5.12. Another popular area that is easer with low-angle climbs is up the Mount 7 road at the 6-kilometre parking lot, with most of the climbs slab in nature with a handful of short, pumpy climbs. Difficulty ranges from 5.6 to 5.11, some bolted and some mixed. A 60-metre rope is recommended for top-roping the longer routes.

A new climbing area is in the Kicking Horse Canyon, 10-kilometres east of Golden called 'The Glen' after nearby Glenogle Creek. This is a quartzite area and will provide a wide range of climbing, from slab to severely overhanging and difficult routes. Another short, quartzite crag is up the forest service road on the west side of the Columbia River near Nicholson . This is a steep sport climbing wall with approximately 10 climbs from 5.10 to 5.11 plus.

Snowmobiling is popular with routes too numerous to mention.

Whitewater Rafting: The Kicking Horse River originates from icy glaciers at the western boundary of Yoho National Park and runs along 20-kilometres, has class three and four rapids careening through a canyon and right into Golden. There are roughly a dozen rafting companies in the canyon. These attract thousands of visitors from May to September each year. Rafting begins at the upper canyon through the first set of Class IV rapids known as Shotgun and Portage followed by a dozen Class III rapids. It continues into the lower canyon where Class IV rapids, Double Trouble, Riptide, and the Nozzle spread over three-kilometres. Many guiding companies offer a variety of trips from one-day to multi-day raft outings and even heli-rafting, which takes advantage of other nearby rivers, one being the Blaeberry River.

Flat-water excursions: Available through the Columbia Valley Wetlands, a popular kayaking and canoeing destination.

Before you leave Golden, the new pedestrian bridge is a must-see. This was completed in the fall of 2001 by volunteer timber framers from Golden, Europe, and the United States. Because of the high waters in the fall, the installation of the bridge didn't occur until October 25, with the help of Sterling Cranes from Calgary, which took three full days, inching along and out onto a temporary footing, and finally onto the far shore where it was fitted into its concrete abutments. The bridge is 150- feet-long, with a 210,000-pound burr arch structure. The cost of the bridge is estimated to be $250,000, but considering the volunteer time and the donated materials its value would be over twice that amount.'s_Paradise

Sheet music - violin and other string instruments

The violin is a bowed stringed instrument and is the highest pitched member of the violin family. It sits along side its cousins – the other members of the violin family - the viola, cello, and double bass. The bow of the violin is a narrow, slightly incurved stick of Pernambuco about 75 cm long, with a band of horsehair stretched from end to end of the bowstick. The violin has four strings tuned a fifth apart, to the notes g, d', a', e'': On early violins the strings were of pure gut. Today they may be of gut, gut wound with aluminum or silver, steel, or perlon.

Sheet music - violin is often provided to students by the conductors of their orchestras or their private teachers who wish to learn to play this fine instrument. For players who aren't officially students anywhere, however, there are a wide variety of sources from which to obtain sheet music. Very recently, the Internet may actually have surpassed music stores as the best place to find new pieces to play.

An enormous variety of violin sheet music is available for free download from the Internet. Violin players of any skill level should be able to locate the sheet music they want online, and in some cases, even for free. Sheet music can be free to share online if two qualifications are met. First, it must be seventy years or more since the piece was composed; after this amount of time, creative works enter the public domain. Specific editions of a work can still be protected by copyright, however, as editors and arrangers maintain their own copyrights over versions they have created.

Digital sheet music is available for a wide variety of genres, so if you're playing on your own, you won't have any restrictions on the type of music you work on. There is certainly a great deal of classical sheet music - violin and other stringed instruments similarly, available online, and you might want to try some of the pieces that are considered great classics. If they are really not your preferred style, however, you can find anything from pop to jazz to bluegrass fiddle parts.

Some of the most popular selections of sheet music - violin are, in fact, for pop and rock songs. Take, for example, the Dave Matthews Band, who gave a global fan base for their unique sound which prominently features the violin. If you want to learn Boyd Tinsley's parts, you can search the Internet for legitimate copies of the sheet music to purchase.

Another time when it can be great to have the option to find sheet musicviolin online is if you are listening to a piece and you want to be able to refer to the score. Even someone who can't play the Sibelius violin concerto himself may be able to read or understand a musical score well enough to benefit from looking at the music while listening to the piece. This can enrich the listening experience of anyone with a musical background, as well as helping you build your own reading ability in ways that ultimately benefit your playing.

How do you buy sheet music online

It used to be very difficult to find sheet music online especially for solo instruments. Before people started selling sheet music online, you had to rely on music and music instrument stores to carry everything that you need.

This was fine if you played the Piano or the Violin. But, what happens if you wanted to get sheet music for the Oboe, Viola or other instruments that are not at the top of the teenager choir list? And even if you could locate a store, would you have the time to check out their items?

Now the internet has taken some of the guess work out of the process. You can type "buy sheet music" into any search engine and come up with a long list of sites that will have what you need. The internet has opened up such a wide range of possibilities that you can even get sheet music that was custom designed for a single instrument or to take a choral performance and trim it down for a solo, or a small group.

The internet also gives you the ability to comparison shop. Music is possibly one of the most expensive hobbies around. If you take into account the cost of tutoring, engagements, musical instruments (and their various replacements if you have children), maintenance, repairs and sheet music, it can cost a small fortune to keep up your skill.

The last thing you need to worry about is where can I find good, accurate sheet music. Now, you don't have to depend on local retailers since you can look all over to find better deals music stores all over the country. If you live in a small city or suburban area, you might have a choice of two or three sources for musical supplies.

However, if you get online and start checking for availability, you can often find small music shops in saturated markets like big urban areas. They can afford to offer great deals on musical supplies including sheet music, as well as more variety in the number and types of musical products sold to the public.

Another thing that helps in your search is that more shops are including detailed pictures and even mini digital files with musical samples so that you can see if you are getting the right sheet music.

These mini downloads are especially important if you want the sheet music for just one instrument out of an entire performance piece. Also, if you want rare or classical pieces, the online demos will really help before you spend all of your cash.

The best places to start your search is via the Google or Yahoo search engines, or check in their directories under musical supplies. In a few minutes you can find an entire list of music shops that can accommodate your needs.

Lift Off for Innovative New Online Music Store

Downloading music from the internet is fast becoming one of the world's biggest growth industries. A student is now trying to tap into the market by setting up a website for independent musicians to sell their songs on an international stage., the creation of Joseph Lavington, an 18-year-old student from England, is open to all independent musicians - local, national and international. Internet surfers are able to download and listen to songs up to three times for no charge. If they like the track, they have to buy it to hear it again and the artist receives half of every sale.

Joseph, from the city of Bath, England, said, "There has been a lot of talk of musicians being ripped off by downloads. So many albums and songs have been leaked on to the web and downloaded by fans. The musician's rights are ignored, and he or she loses a lot of money. It discourages record labels from investing in new talent."

Several high-profile bands have taken file-sharing networks to court and won, and now record labels are suing downloaders themselves. But Joseph said: "The artists get a fair deal with Hawksbill Music, and much more cash than other similar services". Each song will cost between 50p and £2, and once a purchase has been made, the buyer will be free to transfer it to CD or portable player. Users who have purchased a track are encouraged to share it with others, and will earn a small cut of any sales that result from this.

All About Sheet Music

Sheet music is an important tool for established musicians and those who want to learn. If you do not know how to read sheet music, don't worry. There are many online tutorials that will take you step by step on learning how to read sheet music. Sheet music can speed the time in learning new songs. Sheet music can also help you capture your own original compositions to paper which will help in publishing and copyright issues.

Finding sheet music is relatively easy given the popularity of sheet music download sites. You can find sheet music for every genre of music and to suit every instrument. Whether you are a beginner or an advanced musician, sheet music can be found for your experience level. Searching the Internet will bring up a variety of sites where you can choose the sheet music most desirable for you.

When downloading sheet music, please be aware of copyright laws. The musician or composer usually holds the copyright to their sheet music. Some copyright owners will allow the download of their sheet music only under certain conditions. Others do not allow the download of their sheet music for free or at all. Be aware of the applicable copyrights so you do not have a problem.

Many artists who compose original works will provide sheet music to get their songs out to the public. Composers will use sheet music to try to sell their song to a band that can perform it with the hopes of getting a record deal. Whatever the motivation behind allowing public access to original sheet music, it is readily available for download at a variety of sites. Downloading sheet music is a great way to learn songs and increase your play set.

Musicians who are just starting out may not have a vast repertoire of songs. Downloading sheet music to learn can increase this much faster. Having a wide variety of available songs to perform will increase the likelihood of getting paid for performances. Sheet music can also help you during a performance. Sometimes a play set is so vast that no matter how many times you practice, it's difficult to remember all the words and chord changes. Using sheet music as a guide can help you build confidence during a performance.

Sheet music can be found for download at a number of sites. Sometimes sheet music is available for free, others a small fee is required. Please be aware of any copyright issues, especially if downloading free sheet music. Do not steal sheet music or otherwise violate copyright as it harms the artist. If you are a composer, allowing others to view or download your sheet music is a great way to expose your art to the public. Use sheet music to learn, write and perform original works and songs by your favorite artists.

Choosing A Musical Instrument For Your Child

Many parents want to encourage their children to learn to play a musical instrument, to encourage their musical development.

The first instrument is often a music keyboard. These are reasonably priced and stimulate an interest in music even in very young children. Ask your school music teacher for advice, because some of the very low cost keyboards are very limited. The higher priced keyboards play notes softer if they are hit less hard, more like a piano.

Your child may enjoy the sound of a particluar instrument. This can be a major motivational factor, so it is a good idea to go with the child's ideas, at least initially. Many children change the instrument they play in the first few years of their music education.

Many children may find it easier to play woodwind instruments like a clarinet than brass instruments like trumpets and trombones. Woodwind instruments do not require the lip vibrations that brass players need.

Most children's choice of instrument is a matter of chance. It depends on what instrument is favored by visiting music tutors.

There are more professional violinists than players of any other instrument. This is one reason parents often encourage their children to take up the violin. Buying a violin is a tricky business.

You can buy a violin for less than 70 dollars on the Internet. Should you buy it? Never.

A violin is not just a pair of shoes. Shoes are designed to be used and thrown away when they wears out. A well-made violin will last for hundreds of years. The 70 dollar violin above should just be thrown away. Buying one for your child is a waste of 70 dollars.

If your child is taking up the violin, or any instrument, it might be an idea to rent rather than buy, until you see how your child takes to the instrument. That is the point at which you should consider buying.

Buy the best instrument you can afford. Price is definitely linked with tonal quality. Listen to a range of violins, pianos or trumpets being played by the musician in the retailers. You will notice differences between the different instruments. Always buy a musical instrument you and your child like the sound from. Musical training will attune the child's ear to any deficiency in the instrument you buy, and this will detract from the pleasure he or she gains from playing it.

Tips in choosing the best karaoke music

If you are one of the thousands of people in the country that are beginning to get crazy about karaoke, this will help you pick the best karaoke music out there. In a can, karaoke music is a music file that has no voice so people can sing along with it. People love singing, whether they are professionals or newbies, singing is a really great way to release stress and have fun. If you are new in the karaoke craze, you must be thinking about the things that you should sing or do in order to sing well. Singing is not really as hard as it seems, most karaoke machines can even change the pitch and tone of the music to suit your voice quality. To help you out, here are some tips that you can follow to find the best karaoke music fit for you.

The standards

Whether you are singing in a bar or in your own living room, the standards are the best songs to start with. The reason for this is they are the easiest to sing. This type of music is usually pop songs and slow. Most Karaoke CD's contain music for the standards genre since most beginners prefer it. Aside from this, these songs are usually so popular so you can follow the lyrics and the tone easily.

The divas circle

Intermediate to advance singers prefer this type of music. This really takes an effort on the singer's end. Usually this karaoke music is filled with love songs with all those high pitched bridges. However, the main point of singing in karaoke is the enjoyment that comes with it. If you think you have the guts to sing these songs, just enjoy the moment and don't think about what people will say.

Rock and alternative

Most young male karaoke singers prefer this type of music. This genre usually consist songs from rock and alternative bands. Men prefer this type of music since they can easily identify with them. From old school rock namely the doors to something new like Maroon 5, these songs can really get you in the groove and enjoy the moment.

The classics

It's impossible that you have never heard a Frank Sinatra song inside a karaoke bar. The people who love this type of music are usually the older ones. However through karaoke music younger people are starting to appreciate these songs that are no longer played in the airwaves. Singing the classics is usually easy, but you have to make sure that you practice its phrasing first and you have heard the original score. Most classics have a way different tone and pitch with the popular songs today.

What type of music to sing

This is entirely a personal choice. Singing is a very personal enjoyment, if you feel like singing any song that you like; don't feel the pressure of not being able to sing it well. Karaoke singing was primarily made for enjoyment and not to compete with people. And if you are a really karaoke enthusiast, then you should try different type of karaoke music as much as you like. Sometimes you would not know that you appreciate a certain type of music until you listen to it and sing it.

Karaoke has been so popular that it has included every major type of music in its play list. If you frequently go into a bar to sing in a karaoke, then you should look for the diversity of the bar's play list so you can enjoy more. If you have your on karaoke machine in the house, then it's best that you try different genres and experiment on your own voice quality. Remember, the main point in karaoke singing is the enjoyment, so pick up that microphone and start singing your heart out.

Viral Music Marketing - Internet Success

Traditional radio airplay, standard brick and mortar distribution and being signed by a major record label are no longer the only means of getting your music noticed. Thanks to digital distribution and the massive appeal and easy access to the Internet, unknown musical talent now has a chance at real success. Additionally the indie musician is not stuck with the costs of making an entire CD. They can make a single and post it on the Internet, gaining huge success from one song.

With a little know how and marketing sensibility any upstart musician or experienced musical act can now achieve success, great success in fact on their own. Recently, while a guest on the Sirius Satellite Radio Show The Good Life, I spoke with the host who told me that his two teenage boys get most of their music off the Internet and never listen to regular radio anymore.

Why? Because they can obtain music from acts they wouldn't be allowed to listen to on traditional radio. They're tired of the same old bands and singers being played over and over again. "Most don't have any talent, they're just showpieces." This isn't the first or the last time I've heard that statement from teenagers and adults alike.

For the indie artist who wants to reach a broader market (and you must have a good product) and receive more exposure for their product on the Internet, the first thing you need to do is market, guerrilla market and then market some more. How do you do that? There are many ways that I mention in my book, The Indie Guide to Music, Marketing and Money but here are a few simple suggestions:

Join music boards and start in on the discussion. At the end of each of your posts make sure to put who you are and your website. Add something to the conversation, don't spam. Write helpful hints and post them on the boards, etc. If the boards don't allow tags but they do allow you to post your email address, make sure it's something with your website at the end. Have a real email address but DON'T use your main email because it will be spammed. Something like mine:

Start networking at local musician meetings and songwriter / artists forums in your region. You can find them on the Internet. These meetings host artists such as yourself who get together on a regular basis to discuss the music scene and present their latest creations. It's also a wonderful place to get the pulse on gigs you can join in on and new marketing ideas.

You know all that annoying spam snail mail you receive with pre-paid postage envelopes inside? Why not save the envelopes and put a little note inside that states since they were kind enough to share their information with you, you're returning the favor. Also, with any bill or any correspondence you send out that's official, include a one sheet or little card that has a blurb about you and your music (watch the weight; you don't want to add more postage). Make sure to put your website on whatever material you have.

Start your own podcast and post it on all the podcast sites.

Why not send your music to different podcasts. Ask permission first. Send them to your site where they can hear a sample or two and if they are receptive to playing your music on their podcast, send it along. If they use your music in their podcast you may have gained new fans and sold more CDs.

The most important thing you can do is to play live. Go to Wal-Mart, Starbucks and other local shops and ask if you can put on a free concert there. Anywhere and any place that will let you play, do! Make sure to have a sign up sheet where people can sign up for your newsletter. Then create a newsletter and send it out once a month at the most.

This is a form of "Buzz Marketing" also known as "Viral Marketing." At the end of the letter make sure you include your webpage of course. Tell your fan base they can pass it along to whoever they want. This is a very very tiny list of things you can do. The time for the indie musician is now. Take advantage of it!

Jaci Rae's grit and determination brought her from a poor childhood to a successful singer and performer who tours around the world. She is the recipient of the "Female Vocalist of the Year" award at the Golden Music Awards in Nashville, TN as well as a Barnes and Noble and Amazon #1 Best seller.

Free Music Trials

Music download web sites allow music lovers to access and purchase a large variety of songs and music videos online. Most of the early websites offering music downloads were illegal. However, after years of dominance by illegal sites and by peer to peer sharing applications that made swapping MP3 files easy, legal download services are rapidly becoming popular. With a large number of legal download sites emerging, it has become difficult to find out where to get the best deals and which sites to trust.

Some of the most popular music download sites like Napster, eMusic and Rhapsody, offer free music trials. I know Napster and Rhapsody offer a 7 to 14 day free trial. eMusic offers its customers 25 free downloads, with sign up.

There are over 2 Million songs available on Napster and Rhapsody whatever your taste in music, you will have an enormous selection to choose from. Other than a few notable artists that for whatever reason decided not to license their music to Yahoo (Beatles, Led Zeppelin), I was hard pressed to find any music that I wanted to hear that wasn't available.

It's true that your subscription doesn't allow you to burn the music to CD (though the tracks are available for purchase). However, it is so easy to hook your portable music device to either your home or car stereo that this drawback really doesn't prevent you from enjoying your subscription in almost any environment.

eMusic isn't just for Rock n' Roll buffs…the selection of Country, Jazz & Blues is every bit as deep. Plus, there exists the ability to discover new music by letting Yahoo know your musical preferences. You can also create your own radio stations, and listen (and chat with) people with similar musical tastes as yours. The sound quality of the music is excellent. Unfortunately, their Music Jukebox, though having great features, is a bit of a memory hog…I tried uploading a large file to Google Base while listening and froze my system

Music download sites generally charge their customers either a fixed price for each music file that is downloaded or a monthly subscription fee and a charge for music downloaded. In case a monthly fee is charged, the cost for each track downloaded is generally lower than those sites which do not charge a subscription fee. Often the latest music tracks are priced more than tracks that have been released earlier. To encourage music lovers to buy music tracks in larger quantities, some online music stores offer progressive pricing which allow users to buy tracks at a cheaper rate if they increase the quantity of music tracks they purchase. The number of songs on these online stores range from about half a million on emusic to over a million and a half on itunes.

There are websites out there that are 100% legal like Napster, eMusic and Rhapsody just to name a few. thses sites also have a better quality of music files that want harm your computer. The question now is how much money are you willing to pay to download all of the hottest songs today, and are you willing to pay extra to put those songs onto a CD?

Instant Free Auto Insurance Quotes

Shopping for car insurance can be a big undertaking. It can be daunting at times but is very important. There are now many ways to get yourself insured and the coverage you need. Smart customers know it pays to do a little research before buying car insurance. Just based on the price of the insurance rates today, why not take the time to check the rates with several companies. Researching companies holds true for renewals as well. You can get a feel for the insurance market and find out if you have the best rates. If your current policy is already cheaper you know you are doing all right. The first and best way to find out what is out there is to go through your local phone book. Most, if not all, companies will give you quotes right over the phone. This way you can run down the list and get multiple rates right away.

One thing to remember is to compare apples to apples. This means make sure you are getting the price for the same type of coverage. Full coverage for one company is not the same as for another. Limits are important to look at as well. Bodily injury with company A may be a little cheaper then B but their coverage may be only 10,000/20,000 while B's is 100,000/300,000. You want to make sure you are aware of the coverage you are have and that you want the type of insurance you are getting a rate for. You can always adjust your policy up or down to meet your needs. Before adjusting it down consider that you may save a few dollars now by lowering coverage but during a claim be unhappy that the limits paid are lower then your damages. Always, always buy as much insurance as you can afford. Another way to find companies in your area is to go online. The Internet is an excellent tool to help you shop around. You can look up many carriers and may even be able to run quotes yourself. There is no waiting on hold and you can usually do it 24 hours a day. You do not have to wait for an agent to help you or call you back if he or she is busy. You can print out lists and easily compare prices. Online you can also check the credentials of the company. You can look to see how long they have been in business and find locations. You can find companies that are not in your local area but can serve you just as well.

Some companies allow you to start your policy right on the computer for added convenience. You can get your quote, enter your information and activate your policy immediately. Proof of insurance usually can be printed right from your home computer's printer. Driving around town may also afford you the chance to find a company that is close to you. An agency close to your home or job is convenient. Agencies close by also let you make payments right in the office and lets you get to know your agent.

This way however does give you a limited amount of choices and prices may not be as good as you may get by calling around. Is one way better then the other? Well that is up to you. Some people just want to get the process over and done with. Some people want the best rate available. Some want the best and most coverage available. The answer is whatever is most comfortable for you is what you should go with.

You re Being Manipulated How Music Affects Your Buying Habits

If you think music doesn’t affect you, you’ll be changing your tune after reading this. This is a true story of a recent study from Leicester University in England.

You’re off to the supermarket and decide to stop by some shelves offering French and German wine. You make up your mind to buy a bottle of the French wine.

While checking out, you’re asked why you picked the wine. You respond “The label looked great”, or “I liked the price”. Then you’re asked if you noticed the French accordion music that was playing when you took that bottle off the shelf. You say that you did. Did it affect your choice of wine today? No, of course not, you answer.

That’s funny because on the days that French music is played nearly 80% of shoppers chose the French wine. On the days that German music the Opposite happens.

In other words, this study found that if you bought some wine from their shelves you were 3 or 4 times more likely to choose a wine that matched the music than the wine that didn't match the music.

Guess what these wine-buyers responded when asked at the checkout if the music influenced their choice. Only 1 out of 44 customers said that the music was the reason they bought the wine. That’s 2%!

The influence of the music was Huge but the customers Didn’t Notice or Believe that it was affecting them. It only took a matter of minutes or seconds for music to get into these people’s brains in a powerful way.

Similar experiments have shown that classical music can make people buy more expensive wine.

Here’s another study to chew on. Most of us go out to eat at least once a week. Do you know which music makes you spend more when you’re at a restaurant?

In this study, a British restaurant played pop music, classical music and no music over the course of 18 evenings. Average spending prices per person were calculated for the following categories:

Appetizers, Main Courses, Desserts, Coffee, Drinks from the Bar, Wine, Overall Beverage Bill, Overall Food Bill, and Total Amount Spent

They also measured the total time people spent in the restaurant. Here’s what they found.

There was a Significant difference between evenings when classical music was played and no music or pop music were played. Classical music resulted in higher spending. Across the board in all categories. Other restaurants here and abroad have had similar results.

What does this mean? It’s pretty simple. Classical music relaxes and makes you feel good. And feeling good makes you want the best.

That’s why so many successful people listen to high frequency classical music. They know it helps them work better, think better, and get higher levels of energy. They know it won’t deplete them, get them distracted and raise their heart rates, like hard-hitting low frequency music does.

The amazing effect that music has on your mind and body is being proven in study after study. It’s information that should not be ignored. Especially these days, when we’re exposed to music anytime we enter a building.

Thursday, January 25, 2007

Sony Ericsson W850i Enjoy unlimited music

Music all the way—the Sony Ericsson W850i is a 3G Walkman series phone from Sony Ericsson. Its a perfect gadget for those who really love an appreciate music. The handset is so designed that its beautiful and crafted design complements with every bits of music. In addition to great music features, the Sony Ericsson W850i boasts other features like camera, 3D games, Bluetooth, GPRS, Internet and 64MB Memory plus Memory Stick PRO Duo for more downloading and more fun.

The Walkman phone comes in two different attractive colours which is precious black and golden white. With slide opening mechanism, the Sony Ericsson W850i offers dedicated keys for music and internet access. Experience digital view of images, texts, videos and games on a wide 2” 262k colour screen. The music features are beautifully incorporated in the Sony Ericsson W850i mobile phone. Groove the music on the go. you can also download music tracks of your choice and save on your phone. A 1GB Memory Stick PRO Duo allows you to download over 1000 songs. What else,with FM radio, listen to all time hit music from your favourite radio station.

Grab the moment on the go with a built-in 2.0 mega-pixel camera integrated with 4x digital zoom. The digital zoom and photo light feature helps you get excellent picture with ease. Enjoy real talk experience with another camera that is situated on top of the handset. Share the special moments with friends and family.Browse the Internet wherever you go with Access NetFront Web. Connect your handset with any of the compatible devices using the Bluetooth technology—go wireless and get rid of the mess of wires. With 3G technology, you get fast download and excellent connectivity. What else, the Sony Ericsson W850i is an excellent gadget that offers latest technologies. Endowed with multifaceted features, the Sony Ericsson W850i is bound to impress you. Get one and stay out of the crowd. Sony Ericsson W850i

LG U890 Music At Your Fingertips

The latest LG mobile phones are very much in demand – among people across age groups, ethnicities, demographics and cultures.

One such very popular mobile phone is the lg u890 – which offers an out-of-the-world mobile music experience along with its traditional functions. The profile of the lg u890 is sleek and stylish.

And the best part is that the lg u890 is available with the power of 3G. One can use this very sophisticated 3G handset for high speed web access; for checking emails; as well as for making video calls.

But first, something about the handset's multimedia capabilities.

This 3G mobile phone comes with advanced stereo options. A music player is integrated within the design of the handset – an interested person can play music files in diverse file formats such as MP3, AAC, enhanced AAC+, AMR and WAV. It is easy to select a specific song; rewind tracks; and play music in the lg u890. Music buttons are strategically placed outside of the handset so that it becomes easy to access the same. As an user of the lg u890, you can also stream music to other devices that are compatible using Blue tooth capabilities of the handset.

And if you thought that this is it – then you are far from the truth.

Apart from its 3G capabilities and mobile music features, the lg u890 can also double up as a digital camera with equal ease. One can use the imaging options of this handset to capture images and record video clips. One can make sure that the very beautiful moments from a person's life do not go unnoticed. The lg u890 handset also supports audio-on-demand and video-on-demand and so there is no dearth of entertainment. To sum up, the lg u890 is a 3G music phone with sophisticated multimedia capabilities that is growing increasingly popular by the day.

Enjoy unlimited music and take benefit of 3G features of LG U890

With LG U890 music reaches to a great height. For the music fan this gizmo from LG mobile phone offers a media player that can play music MP3, AAC, Enhanced AAC+, AMR & WAV formats. You can operate the music player even when the phone is in the closed position by using the external quick music buttons and external display. The quick music buttons also can be used to select play lists, choose tracks, fast forward, rewind, and skip music tracks backwards and forwards.

LG U890 is a 3G clamshell mobile phone replete with multiple functionalities and available in an attractive silver coloured casing. It supports the usual features of 3G technologies which include SMS, MMS, Video calling, WAP 2.0, JAVA 2.0. It is also capable of supporting downloadable content, ranging from games to video and more importantly music.With LG U890 music reaches to a great height. For the music fan this gizmo from LG mobile phone offers a media player that can play music MP3, AAC, Enhanced AAC+, AMR & WAV formats.

You can operate the music player even when the phone is in the closed position by using the external quick music buttons and external display. The quick music buttons also can be used to select play lists, choose tracks, fast forward, rewind, and skip music tracks backwards and forwards. The LG U890 comes with audio on demand feature allowing you to receive music reports which are streamed straight to the handset. Bluetooth compatibility of the phone allows you to easily stream music between other compatible devices. Bluetooth™ wireless technology with the support of A2DP enables you to enjoy a wireless streaming experience. For a private listening experience you can listen to music using wireless Bluetooth™ stereo headphones.

Music is certainly one of the impressive features of LG U890 but certainly not the greatest one. You have LG U890 on 3 network making it possible to enjoy all 3’s video services. Thus you can make and receive video calls, send and receive video messages, and download videos. You can also browse internet and use the phone to send and receive quick emails. The multimedia messaging service of LG U890 allows you to create, send and receive messages having text, sound and photos to any device if it is multimedia compatible. In addition to this the LG U890 comes with Java™ technology enabling you to play exciting 3D games. The phone has pre loaded Java™ games; yet it allows you to download more games to satiate your desire enjoying other adventurous games.LG U890

Wednesday, January 24, 2007

The Music Box a Remarkable Invention of Our Time

Music boxes, also referred to as a musical box, give you the feeling as if they have been around forever. We are likely to know someone, a friend or family member, having received one as a present or as a family hand down. The music box is an interesting and remarkable invention with a history going back for many years. Before the modern era of TV and radio, they gave immense pleasure to many, young and old.

The Interesting History of the Music Box

Originating in the early 19th century, the music box is very much the same as it was then, a pleasing automatic musical instrument A set of pins on a revolving disc or cylinder strike a steel comb inside, of which the teeth are tuned to produce the distinct sound that results. Some boxes are more detailed than others, they have small bells and a tiny drum in addition to the steel comb.

The precursor to the music box came from the 18th century, and was a musical form of the popular snuff box. Snuff boxes were items that gentlemen typically carried in their pockets. The subsequent music boxes could range from anything as small as a snuff box, to anything as large as a piece of furniture.

However, as time went on, the more common size of a music box became what it still is today, which is a box that can easily be placed on a table. In 1815, the first music box shop was opened in Switzerland by Jérémie Recordon and Samuel Junod. Other shops also opened in places like Bohemia and Germany. Finally, at the end of the 19th century, it seemed odd to find that some European manufacturers began to move to the United States with their factories.

Since that time, there have been many different kinds of music boxes that have been manufactured. They have been manufactured to commemorate various things, such as holidays, and classic movies. When it comes to the music that emanates from these wonder boxes, they have been known to be anything from classical pieces to famous film themes. Hearing the music associated from a memorable holiday or movie, always wound sound better listening to it from a musical box.

These unique inventions can be found in many different places today, such as local specialty shops that sell greeting cards. If you are a tourist visiting a city, no doubt you will find a musical box that you can buy as a remembrance of your trip.

It would be extremely difficult to determine how much they would have cost at the time of assembly, as some are very ornate and carefully constructed with inlaid walnut and other fine hardwood, often handmade with precision and care to fine detail. A music box still today, make a very unusual and surprising gift, if not only to be proud and own such a nostalgic and precious item, but one of pleasure to look at and listen to.

How Electric Guitars Work

Electric guitars are considered one of the more significant inventions of the 20th century. This holds true from the popular music culture point of view. The electric guitar has its roots in the original acoustic guitars, obviously. In order to cater to larger audiences, the sound produced by the instrument needed to be loud and clear. The original guitar did not cater to the required and desired high quality sound production. This gave way to the electric guitar.

Rock and roll bands realized the urgent need to define the tone and character of the music produced by a guitar. This requirement was adequately fulfilled by the electric guitar. An electric guitar, as the name suggests, makes use of electricity to transmit the sounds produced. It has six strings, which are tuned with the help of a tuning peg. It has several frets and a long neck. The guitar body is usually made of solid wood and sounds are produced by the magnetic pickups. These pickups are controlled by several knobs at the end of the neck. To produce sounds, an electric guitar senses the vibrations of the strings electronically. They are then sent as an electronic signal to a connected amplifier and speaker.

There is a magnetic pickup mounted under the strings on the body of the guitar body. This pickup consists of a bar magnet wrapped with as many as 7,000 turns of fine wire. The electric guitar is a product of pure physics. The coils and magnets have the capacity to turn electrical energy into motion and vice versa. In the case of an electric guitar, the vibrating steel strings produce a corresponding vibration in the magnet's magnetic field. This causes a vibrating current in the coil. This current is then transferred to the amplifier and finally to the speakers.

Cheap and Free Music Downloads

Downloading music from the internet is a topic fraught with misconceptions. With all the stories about file sharing and illegal music downloads doing the rounds, you would be forgiven for thinking it is best to steer clear of the subject altogether.

However, the truth is actually very different. There is a huge selection of legitimate music download sites on the internet. Some offer individual music tracks for a small fee, while others provide a collection of free tracks from unsigned artists that are freely available to download and share.

While services such as Napster, eMusic and Rhapsody offer a wide range of pop music, they also cater for a variety of different tastes. If you are more into folk or jazz than indie or hip-hop, that's not a problem. Follow our guide to cheap and free online music, and you will soon discover there are plenty of ways to build up your music library without breaking the bank.

In terms of commercial music sites, there is no shortage of options. One of the most popular is Napster. At the start of the MP3 revolution, Napster was best known for being used as an illegal file-sharing utility but, after it relaunched last year, it is now one of the biggest legitimate music download services.

With a basic subscription costing $10.00 per month, you can download any of the tracks in Napster's library; this currently sits at more than one million songs. Instead of MP3s, all music is distributed in the WMA file format.

Unlike MP3s, WMA files can include licence information - also known as digital rights management (DRM). With a basic Napster subscription, the tracks you download will come with a licence that allows you to listen to them only on the PC they have been downloaded to. Try copying the files to another PC or portable music player and you will find they won't play.

By paying a fee (currently set at .79 per track), you can obtain a different type of licence that lets you copy the music to other devices and, more importantly, continue listening to your tracks if you decide to cancel your Napster subscription.

It is basically the same as going out to the shops and buying a single on a CD. Should you cancel your subscription without purchasing the music you have downloaded, your tracks will be unplayable until you resume the subscription

Independent Music Marketing You Don t Need To Sell Out

Many indie musicians are known for their anti-corporate stance. It's not surprising then that the concept of "marketing" leaves a sour taste in many independent artists' mouths. The fact is though, there are ways to build your fan base and increase people's interest in and awareness of your music - without selling out. If you are an independent music maker, here are a few ways you can do some marketing without going corporate.

First, if your mindset is completely anti-marketing, you really need to change your tune. Marketing does not have to equal selling out or going corporate. Finding ways to expose your ideas and creations through your songs and music to more people - marketing - shows that you believe in what you are doing.

Just stop and think about it for a moment. Doesn't what you create mean enough to you that you want to share it with other people? If not, why are you even pursuing music at all? Once you stop equating marketing with these negative connotations, you can finally move on and start finding ways to promote your band that are still in-line with your ideals as an independent artist.

For starters, remember that your fans are not only your target market, but also your best promoters. Many musicians avoid pursuing marketing because they think it means having to constantly deal with the media, promoters, record labels and other corporate types to help get the word out. If you're not comfortable with that, just skip it and go straight to the people who already are your best advertisers - your fan base. Provide them with ways to spread the word about you and your music. They will do the best job at it - and for free. Think about marketing in terms of your fans spreading their passion about you and the word loses even more of it's negative stereotype, doesn't it?

With that in mind, increasing your marketing simply becomes a matter of increasing your fan base. What could be better than that? Make sure to find out what it is about your music that attracts the fans you already have. Make sure you can describe your style of music quickly and clearly. With these tools it becomes even easier to find others who would also be interested in your music and your message. Reach out to them.

As you can see, independent music marketing doesn't need to be a dirty concept. Once you see it in terms of sharing who you are with even more people who will get pleasure from what you create, you can start using it to your advantage. Best of all you can do this using methods that don't require selling out or forgetting about your roots.

Finding A Toy Music Box For A Child

Music boxes exist for just about any person and can cover almost any occasion. Most of all, a music box will celebrate a wedding, the birth of a child, or just a birthday in general. Many different brands sell music boxes and each has something good about it that would allow someone to choose that brand over anything else. Some brands make music boxes are designed just for children, whether it be a toy music box that the child can physically touch and play with or one that merely celebrates the child’s birth or his/her birthday much like a “Baby’s First Christmas” ornament would. Listed below are the two different ways of explaining a toy music box and how each would be beneficial to the child and the family.

The Different Types Of Toy Music Boxes

Just about any parent has heard of the brands Mattel and Fisher-Price. They are manufacturers of small children’s toys and at some point a parent will own a lot of these. Something that will keep a child occupied and enthralled for hours is the toy music box. When hearing that a child can be kept quiet and occupied for hours, it has to be music to a parent’s ears. These toys have some sort of button to push or lever to pull and the music starts playing. The music box has pictures of animals or cartoon characters and children have always seemed to like it as one can find toy music boxes for children from 30 or 40 years ago online.

Another type of toy music box is not one that a small child can play with. This type of music box is one celebrating a child’s memorable birthday or the actual birth of the child. The collectible music box will have toys on it and resemble something a child would actually play with, but it merely exists to commemorate a birthday or event. There are hundreds of different kinds out there that will have the child’s favorite cartoon characters on it or a television show liked by him/her. Some families share collectibles and perhaps each family member would have a music box depicting something the person likes. A toy music box is geared towards the child and will demonstrate to people what the child is interested in.

A toy music box can act as a wonderful toy for a child for years or as something celebrating his/her birth or first birthday. Whatever type of music box it is, it will be a great memory and keepsake of a child’s first few years.

Mp3 to DVD The Best Way to Backup Your Music

A question which I am frequently asked is what method do I use for backup my ever expanding collection of MP3's?

Well currently the method which I believe to be the best both in terms of price and practicality is using DVD storage. With DVD's being available for under one dollar and most modern personal computers being equip with a DVD burner your more than likely to have everything you need to begin archiving at your disposal.

An external hard drive is a viable idea although a little more expensive than DVD backup. Using an external hard drive for backup denies you the ability to play MP3's straight from your DVD player which these days often form the basis of a home stereo system. Note: not all DVD players have this capability, some only allow the playback from CD-R.

As the MP3 format we know and love will not be with us forever the low price of DVD backup will allow you to convert your backups across to whatever format digital music turns to in the future. DVD backup will also allow you to shift to an improved digital media storage platform when one comes along and you will only suffer a relatively small financial loss if this is the case.

To protect the lifespan of your DVD they should be stored in the protective plastic case they are sold in, if the DVD’s were purchased in a spindle it is best to buy some plastic storage cases. DVD’s should always be stored away from direct sunlight in a cool place with a low humidity. It is believed to be best to store the DVD in a vertical position as moisture caused by humidity can gather easier on a horizontal edge.

When trying to fit your MP3 collection onto DVD there is an excellent program called "SizeMe" which can break up your tracks squeezing the most songs onto each DVD as possible minimizing wasted space. My preferred burning software is "Nero" which is bundled with many DVD burners or the latest version can be purchased for $79.99, it is simple to use but offers enough features for the high end user.

The Complete Definition Of The Music

Music Portal

Music is a form of art that involves organized and audible sounds and silence. It is normally expressed in terms of pitch (which includes melody and harmony), rhythm (which includes tempo and meter), and the quality of sound (which includes timbre, articulation, dynamics, and texture). Music may also involve complex generative forms in time through the construction of patterns and combinations of natural stimuli, principally sound. Music may be used for artistic or aesthetic, communicative, entertainment, or ceremonial purposes. The definition of what constitutes music varies according to culture and social context.

If painting can be viewed as a visual art form, music can be viewed as an auditory art form.

Allegory of Music, by Filippino Lippi

Allegory of Music, by Lorenzo Lippi


1 Definition

2 History

3 Aspects

4 Production 4.1 Performance

4.2 Solo and ensemble

4.3 Oral tradition and notation

4.4 Improvisation, interpretation, composition

4.5 Composition


[edit] Definition as seen by

Main article: Definition of music

See also: Music genre

The broadest definition of music is organized sound. There are observable patterns to what is broadly labeled music, and while there are understandable cultural variations, the properties of music are the properties of sound as perceived and processed by humans and animals (birds and insects also make music).

Music is formulated or organized sound. Although it cannot contain emotions, it is sometimes designed to manipulate and transform the emotion of the listener/listeners. Music created for movies is a good example of its use to manipulate emotions.

Greek philosophers and medieval theorists defined music as tones ordered horizontally as melodies, and vertically as harmonies. Music theory, within this realm, is studied with the pre-supposition that music is orderly and often pleasant to hear. However, in the 20th century, composers challenged the notion that music had to be pleasant by creating music that explored harsher, darker timbres. The existence of some modern-day genres such as grindcore and noise music, which enjoy an extensive underground following, indicate that even the crudest noises can be considered music if the listener is so inclined.

20th century composer John Cage disagreed with the notion that music must consist of pleasant, discernible melodies, and he challenged the notion that it can communicate anything. Instead, he argued that any sounds we can hear can be music, saying, for example, "There is no noise, only sound,"[3]. According to musicologist Jean-Jacques Nattiez (1990 p.47-8,55): "The border between music and noise is always culturally defined--which implies that, even within a single society, this border does not always pass through the same place; in short, there is rarely a consensus.... By all accounts there is no single and intercultural universal concept defining what music might be."

Johann Wolfgang Goethe believed that patterns and forms were the basis of music; he stated that "architecture is frozen music."

[edit] History as seen by

Main article: History of music

See also: Music and politics

Figurines playing stringed instruments, excavated at Susa, 3rd millennium BC. Iran National Museum.

The history of music predates the written word and is tied to the development of each unique human culture. Although the earliest records of musical expression are to be found in the Sama Veda of India and in 4,000 year old cuneiform from Ur, most of our written records and studies deal with the history of music in Western civilization. This includes musical periods such as medieval, renaissance, baroque, classical, romantic, and 20th century era music. The history of music in other cultures has also been documented to some degree, and the knowledge of "world music" (or the field of "ethnomusicology") has become more and more sought after in academic circles. This includes the documented classical traditions of Asian countries outside the influence of western Europe, as well as the folk or indigenous music of various other cultures. (The term world music has been applied to a wide range of music made outside of Europe and European influence, although its initial application, in the context of the World Music Program at Wesleyan University, was as a term including all possible music genres, including European traditions. In academic circles, the original term for the study of world music, "comparative musicology", was replaced in the middle of the twentieth century by "ethnomusicology", which is still considered an unsatisfactory coinage by some.)

Popular styles of music varied widely from culture to culture, and from period to period. Different cultures emphasised different instruments, or techniques, or uses for music. Music has been used not only for entertainment, for ceremonies, and for practical & artistic communication, but also extensively for propaganda.

As world cultures have come into greater contact, their indigenous musical styles have often merged into new styles. For example, the United States bluegrass style contains elements from Anglo-Irish, Scottish, Irish, German and some African-American instrumental and vocal traditions, which were able to fuse in the US' multi-ethnic "melting pot" society.

There is a host of music classifications, many of which are caught up in the argument over the definition of music. Among the largest of these is the division between classical music (or "art" music), and popular music (or commercial music - including rock and roll, country music, and pop music). Some genres don't fit neatly into one of these "big two" classifications, (such as folk music, world music, or jazz music).

Genres of music are determined as much by tradition and presentation as by the actual music. While most classical music is acoustic and meant to be performed by individuals or groups, many works described as "classical" include samples or tape, or are mechanical. Some works, like Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue, are claimed by both jazz and classical music. Many current music festivals celebrate a particular musical genre.

There is often disagreement over what constitutes "real" music: late-period Beethoven string quartets, Stravinsky ballet scores, serialism, bebop-era Jazz, rap, punk rock, and electronica have all been considered non-music by some critics when they were first introduced.

[edit] Aspects as seen by

Main article: Aspects of music

The traditional or classical European aspects of music often listed are those elements given primacy in European-influenced classical music: melody, harmony, rhythm, tone color or timbre, and form. A more comprehensive list is given by stating the aspects of sound: pitch, timbre, loudness, and duration.[1] These aspects combine to create secondary aspects including structure, texture and style. Other commonly included aspects include the spatial location or the movement in space of sounds, gesture, and dance. Silence has long been considered an aspect of music, ranging from the dramatic pauses in Romantic-era symphonies to the avant-garde use of silence as an artistic statement in 20th century works such as John Cage's 4'33."John Cage considers duration the primary aspect of music because it is the only aspect common to both "sound" and "silence."

As mentioned above, not only do the aspects included as music vary, their importance varies. For instance, melody and harmony are often considered to be given more importance in classical music at the expense of rhythm and timbre. It is often debated whether there are aspects of music that are universal. The debate often hinges on definitions. For instance, the fairly common assertion that "tonality" is universal to all music requires an expansive definition of tonality.

A pulse is sometimes taken as a universal, yet there exist solo vocal and instrumental genres with free, improvisational rhythms with no regular pulse;[2] one example is the alap section of a Hindustani music performance. According to Dane Harwood, "We must ask whether a cross-cultural musical universal is to be found in the music itself (either its structure or function) or the way in which music is made. By 'music-making,' I intend not only actual performance but also how music is heard, understood, even learned." [3]

[edit] Production

Main article: Music industry

Music is composed and performed for many purposes, ranging from aesthetic pleasure, religious or ceremonial purposes, or as an entertainment product for the marketplace. Amateur musicians compose and perform music for their own pleasure, and they do not attempt to derive their income from music. Professional musicians are employed by a range of institutions and organizations, including armed forces, churches and synagogues, symphony orchestras, broadcasting or film production companies, and music schools. As well, professional musicians work as freelancers, seeking contracts and engagements in a variety of settings.

Although amateur musicians differ from professional musicians in that amateur musicians have a non-musical source of income, there are often many links between amateur and professional musicians. Beginning amateur musicians take lessons with professional musicians. In community settings, advanced amateur musicians perform with professional musicians in a variety of ensembles and orchestras. In some rare cases, amateur musicians attain a professional level of competence, and they are able to perform in professional performance settings.

A distinction is often made between music performed for the benefit of a live audience and music that is performed for the purpose of being recorded and distributed through the music retail system or the broadcasting system. However, there are also many cases where a live performance in front of an audience is recorded and distributed (or broadcast).

[edit] Performance

Main article: Performance

Chinese Naxi musicians

Someone who performs, composes, or conducts music is a musician. Musicians perform music for a variety of reasons. Some artists express their feelings in music. Performing music is an enjoyable activity for amateur and professional musicians, and it is often done for the benefit of an audience, who is deriving some aesthetic, social, religious, or ceremonial value from the performance. Part of the motivation for professional performers is that they derive their income from making music. Not only is it an income derived motivation, music has become a part of life as well as society. Allowing one to be motivated through self intrinsic motivations as well, as a saying goes "for the love of music." As well, music is performed in the context of practicing, as a way of developing musical skills.

[edit] Solo and ensemble

Many cultures include strong traditions of solo or soloistic performance, such as in Indian classical music, and in the Western Art music tradition. Other cultures, such as in Bali, include strong traditions of group performance. All cultures include a mixture of both, and performance may range from improvised solo playing for one's enjoyment to highly planned and organized performance rituals such as the modern classical concert or religious processions.

Chamber music, which is music for a small ensemble with no more than one of each type of instrument, is often seen as more intimate than symphonic works. A performer is called a musician or singer, and they may be part of a musical ensemble such as a rock band or symphony orchestra.

[edit] Oral tradition and notation

Main article: Musical notation

Musical notation

Music is often preserved in memory and performance only, handed down orally, or aurally ("by ear"). When the composer of music is no longer known, this music is often classified as "traditional". Different musical traditions have different attitudes towards how and where to make changes to the original source material, from quite strict, to those which demand improvisation or modification to the music. In the Gambia, West Africa, the history of the country is passed aurally through song.

When music is written down, it is generally notated so that there are instructions regarding what should be heard by listeners, and what the musician should do to perform the music. This is referred to as musical notation, and the study of how to read notation involves music theory, harmony, the study of performance practice, and in some cases an understanding of historical performance methods.

Written notation varies with style and period of music. In Western Art music, the most common types of written notation are scores, which include all the music parts of an ensemble piece, and parts, which are the music notation for the individual performers or singers. In popular music, jazz, and blues, the standard musical notation is the lead sheet, which notates the melody, chords, lyrics (if it is a vocal piece), and structure of the music. Nonetheless, scores and parts are also used in popular music and jazz, particularly in large ensembles such as jazz "big bands."

In popular music, guitarists and electric bass players often read music notated in tablature, which indicates the location of the notes to be played on the instrument using a diagram of the guitar or bass fingerboard. Tabulature was also used in the Baroque era to notate music for the lute, a stringed, fretted instrument.

Generally music which is to be performed is produced as sheet music. To perform music from notation requires an understanding of both the musical style and the performance practice that is associated with a piece of music or genre. The detail included explicitly in the music notation varies between genres and historical periods. In general, art music notation from the 17th through to the 19th century required performers to have a great deal of contextual knowledge about performing styles.

For example, in the 17th and 18th century, music notated for solo performers typically indicated a simple, unornamented melody. However, it was expected that performers would know how to add stylistically-appropriate ornaments such as trills and turns.

In the 19th century, art music for solo performers may give a general instruction such as to perform the music expressively, without describing in detail how the performer should do this. It was expected that the performer would know how to use tempo changes, accentuation, and pauses (among other devices) to obtain this "expressive" performance style.

In the 20th century, art music notation often became more explicit, and used a range of markings and annotations to indicate to performers how they should play or sing the piece. In popular music and jazz, music notation almost always indicates only the basic framework of the melody, harmony, or performance approach; musicians and singers are expected to know the performance conventions and styles associated with specific genres and pieces.

For example, the "lead sheet" for a jazz tune may only indicate the melody and the chord changes. The performers in the jazz ensemble are expected to know how to "flesh out" this basic structure by adding ornaments, improvised music, and chordal accompaniment.

[edit] Improvisation, interpretation, composition

Main articles: Musical composition, Musical improvisation, and Free improvisation

Most cultures use at least part of the concept of preconceiving musical material, or composition, as held in western classical music. Even when music is notated precisely, there are still many decisions that a performer has to make. The process of a performer deciding how to perform music that has been previously composed and notated is termed interpretation.

Different performers' interpretations of the same music can vary widely. Composers and song writers who present their own music are interpreting, just as much as those who perform the music of others or folk music. The standard body of choices and techniques present at a given time and a given place is referred to as performance practice, where as interpretation is generally used to mean either individual choices of a performer, or an aspect of music which is not clear, and therefore has a "standard" interpretation.

In some musical genres, such as jazz and blues, even more freedom is given to the performer to engage in improvisation on a basic melodic, harmonic, or rhythmic framework. The greatest latitude is given to the performer in a style of performing called free improvisation, which is material that is spontaneously "thought of" (imagined) while being performed, not preconceived. According to the analysis of Georgiana Costescu, improvised music usually follows stylistic or genre conventions and even "fully composed" includes some freely chosen material (see precompositional). Composition does not always mean the use of notation, or the known sole authorship of one individual.

Music can also be determined by describing a "process" which may create musical sounds, examples of this range from wind chimes, through computer programs which select sounds. Music which contains elements selected by chance is called Aleatoric music, and is often associated with John Cage and Witold Lutosławski.

[edit] Composition

Musical composition is a term that describes the composition of a piece of music. Methods of composition vary widely from one composer to another, however in analyzing music all forms -- spontaneous, trained, or untrained -- are built from elements comprising a musical piece. Music can be composed for repeated performance or it can be improvised; composed on the spot. The music can be performed entirely from memory, from a written system of musical notation, or some combination of both. Study of composition has traditionally been dominated by examination of methods and practice of Western classical music, but the definition of composition is broad enough to include spontaneously improvised works like those of free jazz performers and African drummers.

What is important in understanding the composition of a piece is singling out its elements. An understanding of music's formal elements can be helpful in deciphering exactly how a piece is constructed. A universal element of music is how sounds occur in time, which is referred to as the rhythm of a piece of music.

When a piece appears to have a changing time-feel, it is considered to be in rubato time, an Italian expression that indicates that the tempo of the piece changes to suit the expressive intent of the performer. Even random placement of random sounds, which occurs in musical montage, occurs within some kind of time, and thus employs time as a musical element.

[edit] Reception and audition as seen by

Main article: Hearing (sense)

Concert in the Mozarteum, Salzburg

The field of music cognition involves the study of many aspects of music including how it is processed by listeners.

Music is experienced by individuals in a range of social settings ranging from being alone to attending a large concert. Musical performances take different forms in different cultures and socioeconomic milieus. In Europe and North America, there is often a divide between what types of music are viewed as a "high culture" and "low culture." "High culture" types of music typically include Western art music such as Baroque, Classical, Romantic, and modern-era symphonies, concertos, and solo works, and are typically heard in formal concerts in concert halls and churches, with the audience sitting quietly in seats.

On the other hand, other types of music such as jazz, blues, soul, and country are often performed in bars, nightclubs, and theatres, where the audience may be able to drink, dance, and express themselves by cheering. Until the later 20th century, the division between "high" and "low" musical forms was widely accepted as a valid distinction that separated out better quality, more advanced "art music" from the popular styles of music heard in bars and dance halls.

However, in the 1980s and 1990s, musicologists studying this perceived divide between "high" and "low" musical genres argued that this distinction is not based on the musical value or quality of the different types of music. Rather, they argued that this distinction was based largely on the socioeconomic standing or social class of the performers or audience of the different types of music.

For example, whereas the audience for Classical symphony concerts typically have above-average incomes, the audience for a hip-hop concert in an inner-city area may have below-average incomes. Even though the performers, audience, or venue where non-"art" music is performed may have a lower socioeconomic status, the music that is performed, such as blues, hip-hop, punk, funk, or ska may be very complex and sophisticated.

Deaf people can experience music by feeling the vibrations in their body, a process which can be enhanced if the individual holds a resonant, hollow object. A well-known deaf musician is the composer Ludwig van Beethoven, who composed many famous works even after he had completely lost his hearing. Recent examples of deaf musicians include Evelyn Glennie, a highly acclaimed percussionist who has been deaf since the age of twelve, and Chris Buck, a virtuoso violinist who has lost his hearing.